FIA Fire Fighting Service

8.1. Definition:

This service is intended to combat fires resulting from incidents in the track, pits or paddock. For all other areas there will be an independent service established by the organisers in conformity with the prescriptions of the public authorities concerned.

8.2. Organisation:
Primarily it must be remembered that the decisive factor in any fire-fighting operation is the personnel and the importance of properly trained operators cannot be over-emphasised. Fire-fighting arrangements must fulfil two basic requirements:

– to reach the fire and isolate the driver from it within a definite time;

– to have adequate and appropriate means to extinguish the fire

Past experience and tests have shown that intervention can be most efficiently and practically organised in two stages and while the equipment and method may vary at different circuits, the criteria of the 1st and 2nd interventions should be satisfied:

1st intervention:
within approximately 15 seconds of an incident liable to produce a fire, at any point on the circuit, at least two firefighters with portable extinguishers should have reached the
scene and be capable of intervening with adequate means to clear the cockpit of the car. The purpose of this 1st intervention is to establish the necessary conditions for rescuing the driver.

2nd intervention:
approximately 30 seconds after the accident, a mobile appliance should be at the scene, with means to extinguish the fire completely.
It cannot be stressed too strongly that the 1st and 2nd interventions must be fully integrated as the value of portable extinguishers on 1st intervention is limited.

8.3. Equipment:

8.3.1.) Trackside equipment:
Portable extinguishers, each with a trained operator, should be
placed at 300m intervals along both sides of the track. This is the
maximum acceptable interval. Should it be impossible or
impractical to use both sides of the track, they may all be on one
side. In this case, the maximum distance between operators shall
be 150m.

It is recommended to provide a portable extinguisher (without operator) every 50m. All of these extinguisher points should be indicated to drivers on the track by “fluorescent” orange panels, of minimum 25 cm x 25 cm, in clearly visible positions at right angles to the first line of protection and approximately 2 m from the ground.

Marshals’ posts should also be equipped with supplementary reserve extinguishers.

Fast mobile appliances must also be provided, placed in protected areas along the course each with at least two men, so as to assure the 2nd intervention. They should be equipped to extinguish completely a running petrol fire of at least
40 gallons (this implies a continuous flow supply and should not only extinguish, but also seal against flash-back re-ignition).

Complementary equipment: the marshals’ posts, as well as the fire tenders, should have the following complementary equipment:

a) tools for righting an overturned car, i.e. ropes, hooks, long crowbars;

b) fire-resistant blankets for smothering fire (6ft x 6ft min.);

c) aluminium-covered fire-resistant gloves;

d) pliers or hydraulic tools for bending sheet-metal and other specialised tools for releasing persons trapped by damaged bodywork;

8.3.2.) Equipment in refuelling pits:
Besides portable extinguishers (one per pit), it is recommended
that at least in every sixth pit be installed an appliance consisting
of two cylinders containing 30 kg each, with a hose of a length
equal to two thirds of the distance to the next appliance. In a
central position in the pit area should be kept a complement of
equipment as specified in 8.3.1.

NB. It should not be permitted to stock fuel in the pits unless
under the conditions stipulated in the regulations for the event.

8.3.3.) Equipment in the paddock:
The paddock and areas used by competing or assistance vehicles
connected with the event, should be provided with sufficient
portable extinguishers as well as being easily accessible to
mobile appliances.

8.4. Fire-fighting service for hill-climb courses:

Marshal posts must be equipped with 3 portable 10 litre extinguishers and with 1 blanket for smothering the fire.
If marshal posts are separated by a distance of 400m or more, one extinguisher must be placed every 200m.
The organiser must have at his disposal a fast intervention vehicle equipped as follows:

– fire-resistant clothing;

– fire-resistant blanket;

– grappling hook;

– shears;

– oxy-acetylene cutting equipment;

– 2 portable extinguishers;

– any other equipment considered necessary for fast efficient rescue;

– there will be a doctor competent in resuscitation aboard.

Further emergency rescue equipment must also be placed in emergency posts, chosen according to the length of the course; at least 1 every 3 km, provided with at least 5 staff.

8.5. Fire-fighting service for drag racing:
This must satisfy the standards of fire-fighting laid down in articles 8.1 to 8.3, taking into account the short length of the track, facilitating intervention. There must be at least two mobile appliances present, capable of traversing the terrain of the particular strip.

8.6. Extinguishants:
The factors to be considered in choosing the extinguishant are: efficiency, speed, absence of slippery residues, minimal effect on visibility, low toxicity. Any extinguishants used should have an efficiency comparable with the following halon product.

Formula Boiling point C Liquid specific weight
Vapour tension State Toxicity Miscibility (with petrol)
– 4 1.83 3 gas accept. Satisfactory

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